生物技术通报 ›› 2017, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (10): 74-79.doi: 10.13560/j.cnki.biotech.bull.1985.2017-0125

• 综述与专论 • 上一篇    下一篇

人工湿地微生物的研究进展

王雨轩1, 魏巍1, 李萍萍2, 赵云1, 付为国1, 2   

  1. 1. 江苏大学现代农业装备与技术教育部重点实验室 江苏省农业装备与智能化高技术研究重点实验室,镇江 212013
    2. 南京林业大学南方现代林业协同创新中心,南京 210037
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-22 出版日期:2017-10-29 发布日期:2017-10-29
  • 作者简介:王雨轩,女,硕士研究生,研究方向:人工湿地去污;E-mail:jsdxwyx56@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31370448),江苏省农业科技自主创新引导资金项目[CX(15)1004],江苏省高校自然科学研究重大项目(15KJA210001)

Study Progress on Microorganism in Constructed Wetlands

WANG Yu-xuan1, WEI Wei1, LI Ping-ping2, ZHAO Yun1, FU Wei-guo1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Modern Agricultural Equipment and TechnologyJiangsu University/Ministry of Education/Key Laboratory of Agricultural Equipment & Intelligent High-Tech of Jiangsu Province,Zhenjiang 212013
    2. Cooperative Innovation Center of Southern Modern Forestry,Nanjing Forestry University,Nanjing 210037
  • Received:2017-02-22 Online:2017-10-29 Published:2017-10-29
  • Contact: 付为国,男,研究员,研究方向:湿地生态;E-mail:fuweiguo@ujs.edu.cn

摘要: 人工湿地是20世纪70年代末得到迅速发展的一种污水处理技术工程,具有投资低、运行费用低、维护技术水平低和能耗低等优点。目前已被用于处理各种类型的废水。它是由基质、植物和微生物构成的复合系统,其中,微生物在人工湿地系统净化污水过程中发挥着重要作用。从人工湿地微生物群落多样性和功能性两方面对人工湿地系统中微生物的研究进展进行了概述,进而对人工湿地微生物研究的前景进行了展望,旨在为该领域的相关研究提供资料和借鉴。

关键词: 人工湿地, 微生物, 多样性, 功能基因

Abstract: Constructed wetland is a sewage processing technology engineering developed rapidly since the late 1970s. It has the advantages of low investment,low running cost,low-level maintenance technology and low energy consumption. Currently,it has been used to process various types of waste-water. Constructed wetland is a composite system composed of matrix,plant,and microorganism,in which microorganisms play an important role in the process of waste-water purification. This paper introduces the research progress of microorganisms in the constructed wetland system from the diversity and function of microbial community,and further gives the research prospects in this field,aiming at providing information and reference for relevant researches in this field.

Key words: constructed wetland, microbe, diversity, functional gene